The moving finger by Edith Wharton

Edith Wharton was born January 24th, 1862 in New York. She died August 11th, 1937 in Pavillon Colombe. 

She wrote novels, short stories and plays. 

She criticized the upper classNew York aristocracy.

Something uncanny is something that is familiar yet odd, and something gothic is something dark, with a feeling of spirituality and unaturality.

Previously on Romeo and Juliet…

In our last literature class our teacher told us to make a paragraph in which we explained what happened in the first Act. I worked with Emilia Varela.

At the beginning of the play, Tybalt and Benvolio got into a fight and Prince Escales threatened to sentence whoever fought again to death. Besides, Romeo was depressed because Rosaline didn’t love him. Then, Romeo found out Rosaline was going to Capulet’s party and decides to go to win her heart. Meanwhile, Paris and Capulet discuss when would Juliet marry him. Moreover, Juliet, her mother and the nurse had a talk about marriage where Juliet said she didn’t feel ready or wanted to marry Paris. At the dance, Romeo and Juliet met and instantly fell in love with each other. However, a moment after they kissed, they found out they belonged to enemies’ families, and found out they were in love with what they hated.

Romeo and Juliet act 1 scene 4

  • He dreamed that going to the party was a bad idea
  • He’s afraid that the Capulets are going to catch them and he’s not sure what to say in that case
  • He has an unseats feeling in his stomach and he thinks that that indicates something bad is going to happen 
  • he doesn’t know how to get it


Dreams are the thoughts, emotions and the images shaped by them which are encountered when asleep.

Some people believe that dreams have a meaning to them. Dream psychologists say that dreams express hidden desires, they say that dreams modify your mental schema, in most dreams, you witness things happening through visual or auditory perception, the meaning of you dream would depend on what you link your dream images to.

According to dream psychology are closely related to the environment one is exposed to.

Every single one or our dreams have a meaning about our fears, hopes, emotions, future etc.

For example, if you dream of being kidnapped or taken it means you lost control of something in your life, that you feel manipulated by someone, or that you feel that your allowing your head to over-rule your heart.

If you dream about your teeth falling out, which is apparently a very common dream, represents you instinct of survival and challenges, it can also mean that’s there’s a waking life situation that’s eroding your confidence.

dreams can forshadow what’s going to happen, in Scene 4 Romeo is afraid that something bad is going to happe d, according to his dream.

For merculio dreams are just fantasy

Romeo and Juliet Act 1 scene 3

– description of nurse:

  • she knows more about Juliet Yvan Juliet’s mother
  • her husband and daughter died

-description of Juliet:

  • shes polite but speaks her mind
  • she was rich and smart
  • she said she would look at Paris but not love him

-defection of Lady Capulete and her admiration for Paris:

  • she isn’t engaged in Juliet’s life
  • she descibes Paris in a very god and flattering manner because she wants Juliet to marry him

Romeo and Juliet

1. How many lines does the prologue have? A piece of writing with this rhyme pattern and number of syllables and lines is called a Sonnet. Find more characteristics of sonnets.

It has 14 lines

lines rhyme with every other line

they have a message

2. Which lines rhyme with each other? (Give the line numbers and the
rhyming words)

line 1 rhymes with line 3 (dignity and Mutiny)

line 2 rhymes with line 4 (scene and unclean)

line 5 with line 7 (foes and overthrows)

line 6 and line 8 (life and strife)

line 9 and 11 (love and remove)

line 10 and line 12 (rage and stage)

Line 13 with 14 (attend and mend)

4. Use a coloured pen to highlight all the words to do with love.

”a pair of star crossed lovers”

”death marked loved”

5. Use a different coloured pen to highlight all the words to do with

“Ancient grudge”

“Civil blood”

”take their life”






6. Use another colour to highlight the words to do with family.


“parents” x2




The Open Boat- by Stephen Crane


Study Questions:

  1. A reason for the Oiler being the only one named could be so that the readers become attached to him since giving him a name gives him a more relatable or humany aspect and so that when e dies it’s more of a downer or it’s sadder for the readers. Another reason could be that because the reader doesn’t know much about the Oiler, while they have a wider knowledge of the rest of the crew it lets them more something more about the mysterious character. The last reason, according to the internet, says that the writer, Stephen Crane, actually did go on a trip like this and that he actually did have a crew member called Billie who does, so he used his name as some kind of memorial for the Oiler.
  2. In the metaphorical sense of the story he dies because it “nature’s revenge” since the few managed to beat nature at first, so nature for them back. But thinking about how this is a true story Stephen Crane added the fact that a crew members really died in real life.
  3. Nature is seen as the struggle, conflicts of mankind
  4. The men are very prestigious and believe in fate, so they think that fate had decided that Billie should die in the trip
  5. They have a very close relation, that he story describes as having a sense of “brotherhood” because of how close they had gotten
  6. The colors black, gray and white at very repetitive and important to the story since they all have a different meaning: Black: is dark and mysterious and represents fear of death and the fear of what awaits for the crew and the darkness they are scared to face. Gray: is neutral and represents the bit knowing if the crew will survive or live. White: hopeful and happy, represent what the crew hope and want; peace
  7. The narrator intruded  the story on page 68 when the correspondent remembers a poem about a soldier. It it’s effective because it  foreshadows the oilers death and tells us a bit about the correspondent
  8. In a way it’s both; truthful because it’s very possible for people to die on sea, but ironic because it kind of shows nature’s revenge on the survival of the men, and it also shows fate and the theory of determinism and Darwin’s theory.
  9. In literature the number seven is very meaningful because it is said to represent wisdom. And it’s also the number of the seven seas and a seven sea God’s

Pathways to interpretation:

  1. The author (Stephen Crane) wrote the story based on his own journey
  2. In this story a lot of historical theories are used, such as the theory of the uncanny, Darmin’s survival of the fittest and the theory of determinism amongst other mythical or metaphorical uses.

Patterns in “The Open Boat”

  1. Uses and references of colors: the colors black, gray and white are used in “The open boat” a lot. Black represents the darkness and sinister of the sea, gray represents the stillness and the not knowing, and white represents hope and happiness
  2. References to nature: nature (the sea) is used as a metaphor for man’s struggle and hopelessness. The boat is man itself and land represents hope, and the end to the struggles of life. The sea can also represent fate and the survival  of the fittest
  3. The foreshadowing of the oilers death is shown in the poem about the soldier and also shown in the parts when he sleeps, since in literature sleep represents death
  4. References to dead sleep are shown on page 66 when the Oiler immediately goes to sleep. Sleep represents death
  5. At first it looks like they beat nature, but nature gets her revenge by killing the Oiler, so I’m a way they are spared by nature