The Open Boat- by Stephen Crane

 

Study Questions:

  1. A reason for the Oiler being the only one named could be so that the readers become attached to him since giving him a name gives him a more relatable or humany aspect and so that when e dies it’s more of a downer or it’s sadder for the readers. Another reason could be that because the reader doesn’t know much about the Oiler, while they have a wider knowledge of the rest of the crew it lets them more something more about the mysterious character. The last reason, according to the internet, says that the writer, Stephen Crane, actually did go on a trip like this and that he actually did have a crew member called Billie who does, so he used his name as some kind of memorial for the Oiler.
  2. In the metaphorical sense of the story he dies because it “nature’s revenge” since the few managed to beat nature at first, so nature for them back. But thinking about how this is a true story Stephen Crane added the fact that a crew members really died in real life.
  3. Nature is seen as the struggle, conflicts of mankind
  4. The men are very prestigious and believe in fate, so they think that fate had decided that Billie should die in the trip
  5. They have a very close relation, that he story describes as having a sense of “brotherhood” because of how close they had gotten
  6. The colors black, gray and white at very repetitive and important to the story since they all have a different meaning: Black: is dark and mysterious and represents fear of death and the fear of what awaits for the crew and the darkness they are scared to face. Gray: is neutral and represents the bit knowing if the crew will survive or live. White: hopeful and happy, represent what the crew hope and want; peace
  7. The narrator intruded  the story on page 68 when the correspondent remembers a poem about a soldier. It it’s effective because it  foreshadows the oilers death and tells us a bit about the correspondent
  8. In a way it’s both; truthful because it’s very possible for people to die on sea, but ironic because it kind of shows nature’s revenge on the survival of the men, and it also shows fate and the theory of determinism and Darwin’s theory.
  9. In literature the number seven is very meaningful because it is said to represent wisdom. And it’s also the number of the seven seas and a seven sea God’s

Pathways to interpretation:

  1. The author (Stephen Crane) wrote the story based on his own journey
  2. In this story a lot of historical theories are used, such as the theory of the uncanny, Darmin’s survival of the fittest and the theory of determinism amongst other mythical or metaphorical uses.

Patterns in “The Open Boat”

  1. Uses and references of colors: the colors black, gray and white are used in “The open boat” a lot. Black represents the darkness and sinister of the sea, gray represents the stillness and the not knowing, and white represents hope and happiness
  2. References to nature: nature (the sea) is used as a metaphor for man’s struggle and hopelessness. The boat is man itself and land represents hope, and the end to the struggles of life. The sea can also represent fate and the survival  of the fittest
  3. The foreshadowing of the oilers death is shown in the poem about the soldier and also shown in the parts when he sleeps, since in literature sleep represents death
  4. References to dead sleep are shown on page 66 when the Oiler immediately goes to sleep. Sleep represents death
  5. At first it looks like they beat nature, but nature gets her revenge by killing the Oiler, so I’m a way they are spared by nature

Antigua Grecia- info video

  1. Pericles llega al gobierno por la democracia.
  2. En varias guerras se destruyo el pantenon.
  3. los templos se encontraban en la acropolis.
  4. Pericles construyo el pantanon, y era revolucionarios. Era usado para honrar a Palas Atenea.
  5. La estatua de Atenea se encontraba en el pantenon, pero se destruyo por un incendio. Ella estaba cubierta de oro y marfil.
  6. Todo es curvo en el pantenon.
  7. Agora: donde se reúnes los ciudadanos para discutir del gobierno y las cosas políticas.
  8. Ostracismo: aquella persona que abusaba de el sistema democrtacio era exiliado por 10 años mínimo.
  9. Pericles tenia que prepar a Atenas por si Esparta atacaba.
  10. Un quarto de la población morían por la peste negra, entre ellos estaba perciles. La peste termino la guerra, y ya que los ciudadanos no podían salir de Atenas por la muralla se dice que la defensa es lo que los termino matando

stereotypes

the website https://opinionfront.com/racial-stereotypes talks about racial sterotypes and some of the most common of these.

opinion font sites that:   “more often than not it can be quite difficult to not think a certain way, when you meet people of a certain ethnicity for the first time. Regardless of the race you belong to, at some point of time or the other, you would have been the focus of racial stereotyping, of the type described. ”

some examples that it says about  racial stereotypes are:

  • All people of Asian ethnicity are geniuses and driven to serve their employers well. They do exceedingly well in academics.
  • People of Hispanic origin do not have a good command over English and more often than not, are not fluent in the language.
  • Gambling is one of the favorite pastimes of Native Americans.
  • All African-Americans are good at playing basketball. This stereotype emerges from the fact that a large percentage of professional players are of African-American origin.

annualreviews.org is a website that has a very full definition and review on gender stereotypes:

“There are many differences between men and women. To some extent, these are captured in the stereotypical images of these groups. Stereotypes about the way men and women think and behave are widely shared, suggesting a kernel of truth. However, stereotypical expectations not only reflect existing differences, but also impact the way men and women define themselves and are treated by others. This article reviews evidence on the nature and content of gender stereotypes and considers how these relate to gender differences in important life outcomes. Empirical studies show that gender stereotypes affect the way people attend to, interpret, and remember information about themselves and others. Considering the cognitive and motivational functions of gender stereotypes helps us understand their impact on implicit beliefs and communications about men and women. Knowledge of the literature on this subject can benefit the fair judgment of individuals in situations where gender stereotypes are likely to play a role.”

gender differences have always been a problem in the world and throughout history. Girls were always known as the “weaker” sex, which regarding body structure they do have less build than men do, but that is just an excuse  for society to categories women in activites that they feel are “for girls”, but this isnt only a problem for girls,  boys also grow up with the stereotype that they have to like the colour blue, and that they play football or rugby and not field hockey which stereotypes categories as a womens sports. As the website says this affects people very much, since teenage boys feel that they cant do something such as to have dolls in fear of looking girly.

Gender stereotypes, racial stereotypes, national stereotypes, job stereotypes, religious stereotypes, age stereotypes, amongst others are something that can affect a person and how they view themselves, and others. People feel the nesecity to put other people into categories without realizing how it can affect that person or people, this is a problem in our world that has been going on more thousands of years, and its incredible that after so much evolment is still an issue in our society today, when the only thing that people have to do is stop and look around to acctally get to know the different people and there cultures, since its a beautiful thing.

Huella de carbono (14/8/18)

Al ir al link de la huella de carbono la página me decía que mi valor era 4.15 toneladas de carbono emocionado por año.

Las medidas que podía realizar es:

•comer menos carne

•usar menos electricidad

•y reducir el uso de vehículos

Onion life spam-bio

I’m biology we were assigned groups to look after an onion or potatoe, my group is: Paz, Mora and Juana

We assigned a role for each person, with Mora as the facilitator, Paz as the presents and Juana and I as the secretaries

5 of August (Day 2):

7th of August (Day 4):

9th of August (Day 6): Lenght of the leaf: 15,5.

11th of August (day 10): length of the leaf:  16,2 cm.

13th of August (day 12): length of te leaf: 20 cm.

15 of August (day 14):length of the leaf: 21cm

17 of August (day 14): length of the leaf: 22,1 cm

19 of August (day 16): length of the leaf: 23,2 cm

21st of August (day 18): length of the leaf: 23,9.

This project was fairly simple when committed to it, and it was a fun thing to do.

The only issues that I had were that first of all when I took it home I was at a friends house so I and to explain to my mom how do it, but that was ok. The second problem was that when I uploaded the photos to my blog y deleted them form my camera roll thinking they would stay in the blog. Unfortunately they got deleted, but luckily Mora had the pictures and I was able to get them to my blog.

In conclusion it was a fun project to do, and despite the complications it went very well in my opinion

 

Hera

Hera es la legítima esposa de Zeus en el Panteón olímpico, diosa del matrimonio, familia y el nacimiento, reina de los dioses. Su madre se llamaba Rea y su padre Cronos.Fue conocida por su naturaleza celosa, violenta y vengativa, principalmente contra las amantes y la descendencia de Zeus, pero también contra los mortales con los que se cruzaba.
Hera tenía cinco hijos, Hefesto, Ares, Eris, Hebe y Eileithyia. Algunos autores consideran que Hefesto es hijo únicamente de Hera, pero no de Zeus. Según este mito, Hera estaba celosa de que Zeus alumbrase a Atenea sin recurrir a ella, así que engendró a Hefesto sin el. Hera estuvo entonces disgustada con la fealdad de Hefesto y lo expulsó del Olimpo. Hefesto se vengó de Hera por haberlo rechazado haciendo un trono mágico para ella que, cuando se sentó, no la dejaba levantarse de él. Los demás dioses rogaron a Hefesto que volviese al Olimpo para liberarla pero este se negó repetidamente. Dioniso lo emborrachó y lo llevó de vuelta al Olimpo. Luego de llegar Hefesto liberó a Hera tras recibir a Afrodita por esposa.
Zeus tuvo una hija llamada Atenea, la cual no era hija de Hera, ella se enfureció y la dio a la dragona Pitón para que la criase. Otro hijastro que tuvo fue Heracles, que también fue su enemigo.

Hefesto

HEFESTO

Hefesto es el dios del fuego y la forja, así como de los herreros, los artesanos, los escultores, los metales y la metalurgia. Era adorado en todos los centros industriales y manufactureros de Grecia, especialmente en Atenas. El era hijo de Hera pero no de Zeus. Hefesto era bastante feo, y al nacer, Hera lo vio tan feo que lo tiró del Olimpo y le provocó una cojera. Y por esta razón es representado con un palo para caminar. Hefesto estaba emparejado con Afrodita, a quien nadie podía poseer. Afrodita fue entregada a Hefesto por su padre Zeus como agradecimiento por haberlo ayudado en el nacimiento de Atenea, pero Afrodita se entregaba en secreto a Ares, el dios de la guerra. Cuando Hefesto tuvo noticia de estos amores por medio de Helios, el sol, que todo lo ve, tejió una red de oro irrompible casi invisible con la que atrapó en la cama a los amantes en uno de sus encuentros. Hefesto llamó a todos los demás dioses olímpicos para que se burlaran de la pareja de amantes. Hermes, el mensajero de los dioses comentó que no le habría importado sentir tal vergüenza. Hefesto no quiso liberarlos hasta que prometieran terminar su romance, y así lo hicieron, pero escaparon ambos tan pronto como levantó la red Hefesto, y no mantuvieron su promesa.
Hefesto fue padre de los siguientes mortales: Árdalos, inventor de la flauta, Caco, bárbaro gigante, Cécrope, rey de Atenas, Cerción, Filamón, músico, Palemón, Perifetes, Pilio y otros semidioses. Tuvo hijos mort ales y no dioses ya que fue rechazado por Afrodita varias veces.
Hefesto tiene un templo ubicado al noreste del ágora de Atenas, se llama hefestion.